SEC Filing

Form 10-Q

filed this form 10-Q on 11/07/2019


The following table summarizes the consideration paid for Big 3 Precision and the amounts of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed recognized at the acquisition date, as well as the fair value at the acquisition date.

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)


[X]
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 for the quarterly period ended September 28, 2019

OR


[  ]
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 for the transition period from ________________ to _______________


Commission File Number 001-35383


THE EASTERN COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)


Connecticut
06-0330020
(State or other jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
Identification No.)

112 Bridge Street, Naugatuck, Connecticut
06770
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)

(203)-729-2255
Registrant’s telephone number

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, No Par Value
EML
NASDAQ Global Market


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.           Yes [X]  No [  ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).             Yes [X]  No [  ]


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.


Large accelerated filer [  ]
Accelerated filer [X]
Non-accelerated filer [  ]
Smaller reporting company [X]
 
Emerging growth company [  ]

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  [  ]


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).     Yes [  ]  No [X]


As of September 28, 2019, 6,238,317 shares of the registrant’s common stock, no par value per share, were issued and outstanding.

1


The Eastern Company
Form 10-Q

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 28, 2019

TABLE OF CONTENTS

   
Page
     
     
     
     
PART I
   
Financial Statements
  3.
     
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial
Condition and Results of Operations
18.
     
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
26.
     
Controls and Procedures
26.
     
 
PART II
   
Legal Proceedings
27.
     
Risk Factors
27.
     
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
27.
     
Defaults Upon Senior Securities
27.
 
Mine Safety Disclosures
27.
Other Information
28.
Exhibits
28.
 
29.

2

PART 1 – FINANCIAL INFORMATION




ITEM 1 – FINANCIAL STATEMENTS



THE EASTERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)



   
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
September 28, 2019
   
September 29, 2018
   
September 28, 2019
   
September 29, 2018
 
Net sales
 
$
60,692,645
   
$
57,357,442
   
$
183,015,723
   
$
177,663,291
 
Cost of products sold
   
(45,754,911
)
   
(43,139,780
)
   
(139,243,164
)
   
(133,670,797
)
Gross margin
   
14,937,734
     
14,217,662
     
43,772,559
     
43,992,494
 
                                 
Product development expenses
   
(825,425
)
   
(2,004,919
)
   
(5,240,004
)
   
(5,089,178
)
Selling and administrative expenses
   
(8,391,898
)
   
(7,472,335
)
   
(24,866,665
)
   
(25,602,515
)
Restructuring costs
   
     
     
(2,651,877
)
   
 
Operating profit
   
5,720,411
     
4,740,408
     
11,014,013
     
13,300,801
 
                                 
Interest expense
   
(420,377
)
   
(310,507
)
   
(974,536
)
   
(918,897
)
Other income
   
188,623
     
228,787
     
789,371
     
673,287
 
Income before income taxes
   
5,488,657
     
4,658,688
     
10,828,848
     
13,055,191
 
                                 
Income taxes
   
1,295,575
     
892,027
     
2,535,033
     
2,929,858
 
Net income
 
$
4,193,082
   
$
3,766,661
   
$
8,293,815
   
$
10,125,333
 
                                 
Earnings per Share:
                               
Basic
 
$
.67
   
$
.60
   
$
1.33
   
$
1.62
 
                                 
Diluted
 
$
.67
   
$
.60
   
$
1.33
   
$
1.61
 
                                 
Cash dividends per share:
 
$
.11
   
$
.11
   
$
.33
   
$
.33
 




See accompanying notes.

3


THE EASTERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)



   
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
September 28, 2019
   
September 29, 2018
   
September 28, 2019
   
September 29, 2018
 
Net income
 
$
4,193,082
   
$
3,766,661
   
$
8,293,815
   
$
10,125,333
 
Other comprehensive income/(loss):
                               
Change in foreign currency translation
   
(537,751
)
   
(540,998
)
   
(346,657
)
   
(815,314
)
Change in marketable securities, net of
tax benefit/(cost) of:
2019 – $176 and $(288) respectively
2018 - $5,853 and $5,435 respectively
   
538
     
19,801
     
(882
)
   
18,383
 
Change in fair value of interest rate swap, net of tax benefit/(cost) of:
2019 – $15,720 and $85,537 respectively
2018 – $12,263 and $71,428 respectively
   
(49,780
)
   
38,833
     
(270,866
)
   
265,480
 
Change in pension and postretirement benefit costs, net of taxes of:
2019 – $75,138 and $217,014 respectively
2018 – $65,842 and $197,527 respectively
   
235,859
     
222,725
     
681,221
     
668,174
 
Total other comprehensive income/(loss)
   
(351,134
)
   
(259,639
)
   
62,816
     
136,723
 
Comprehensive income
 
$
3,841,948
   
$
3,507,022
   
$
8,356,631
   
$
10,262,056
 


See accompanying notes.
4


THE EASTERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS



ASSETS
 
 
 
September 28, 2019
   
December 29, 2018
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
Current Assets
           
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
11,983,328
   
$
13,925,765
 
Marketable securities
   
33,759
     
 
Accounts receivable, less allowances: $546,000 - 2019; $680,000 -2018
   
43,536,854
     
30,285,316
 
Inventories
   
52,761,230
     
52,773,209
 
Prepaid expenses and other assets
   
4,421,384
     
3,071,888
 
Refundable taxes
   
1,081,011
     
1,133,847
 
Total Current Assets
   
113,817,566
     
101,190,025
 
                 
Property, Plant and Equipment
   
87,406,814
     
73,768,615
 
Accumulated depreciation
   
(46,563,361
)
   
(43,915,238
)
     
40,843,453
     
29,853,377
 
                 
Goodwill
   
78,965,485
     
34,840,376
 
Trademarks
   
5,479,063
     
3,686,063
 
Patents and other intangibles net of accumulated amortization
   
28,454,738
     
10,281,720
 
Right of Use Assets
   
10,280,814
     
 
Deferred income taxes
   
1,396,006
     
1,396,006
 
     
124,576,105
     
50,204,165
 
TOTAL ASSETS
 
$
279,237,125
   
$
181,247,567
 



See accompanying notes.

5

THE EASTERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (CONTINUED)





LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
September 28, 2019
   
December 29, 2018
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
Current Liabilities
           
Accounts payable
 
$
20,457,927
   
$
18,497,626
 
Accrued compensation
   
3,579,677
     
4,159,808
 
Other accrued expenses
   
6,134,991
     
3,095,666
 
Contingent liability
   
     
2,070,000
 
Current portion of long-term debt
   
5,187,689
     
2,325,000
 
Total Current Liabilities
   
35,360,284
     
30,148,100
 
                 
Deferred income taxes
   
8,630,744
     
1,516,012
 
Other long-term liabilities
   
1,703,535
     
353,856
 
Lease Liability
   
10,280,814
     
 
Long-term debt, less current portion
   
94,852,921
     
26,350,000
 
Accrued postretirement benefits
   
326,489
     
648,635
 
Accrued pension cost
   
24,470,438
     
25,362,325
 
                 
Shareholders’ Equity
               
 Preferred Stock, no par value:
               
        Authorized and unissued: 2,000,000 shares
               
Common Stock, no par value, Authorized: 50,000,000 shares
   
30,440,228
     
29,994,890
 
Issued: 8,973,046 shares in 2019 and 8,965,987 shares in 2018
               
Outstanding: 6,238,317 in 2019 and 6,231,258 in 2018
               
Treasury Stock: 2,734,729 shares in 2019 and 2,734,729 shares in 2018
   
(20,169,098
)
   
(20,169,098
)
Retained earnings
   
115,906,469
     
109,671,362
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss):
               
Foreign currency translation
   
(2,452,986
)
   
(2,106,329
)
Unrealized loss on marketable securities, net of tax
   
(882
)
   
 
Unrealized gain (loss) on interest rate swap, net of tax
   
(104,422
)
   
166,444
 
Unrecognized net pension and postretirement benefit costs, net of tax
   
(20,007,409
)
   
(20,688,630
)
   Accumulated other comprehensive loss
   
(22,565,699
)
   
(22,628,515
)
Total Shareholders’ Equity
   
103,611,900
     
96,868,639
 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
$
279,237,125
   
$
181,247,567
 


See accompanying notes.
6


THE EASTERN COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)

   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
September 28, 2019
   
September 29, 2018
 
Operating Activities
           
Net income
 
$
8,293,815
   
$
10,125,333
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
   
3,807,479
     
3,483,035
 
Unrecognized pension and postretirement benefits
   
134,199
     
(2,197,580
)
Loss on restructuring, equipment and other assets
   
1,727,788
     
55,823
 
Provision for doubtful accounts
   
51,711
     
211,292
 
Stock compensation expense
   
445,338
     
268,412
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts receivable
   
359,606
     
(4,116,321
)
Inventories
   
3,217,736
     
(4,730,310
)
Prepaid expenses and other
   
762,646
     
(158,549
)
Other assets
   
(589,448
)
   
(6,864
)
Accounts payable
   
(1,815,309
)
   
2,614,554
 
Accrued compensation
   
(1,680,668
)
   
(200,967
)
Other accrued expenses
   
(2,202,622
)
   
1,747,682
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
   
12,512,271
     
7,095,540
 
                 
Investing Activities
               
Marketable securities
   
(33,759
)
   
(174,145
)
Business acquisition, net of cash acquired
   
(81,155,753
)
   
(4,994,685
)
Capitalized software
   
     
(1,311,567
)
Purchases of property, plant and equipment
   
(1,896,128
)
   
(2,850,365
)
Net cash used in investing activities
   
(83,085,640
)
   
(9,330,762
)
                 
Financing Activities
               
Proceeds from short term borrowings
   
     
7,000,000
 
Payments on revolving credit note
   
     
(12,000,000
)
Proceeds from long-term borrowings
   
100,000,000
     
 
Principal payments on long-term debt
   
(29,009,769
)
   
(1,162,500
)
Purchase common stock for the Treasury
   
     
(315,061
)
Dividends paid
   
(2,058,697
)
   
(2,067,957
)
Net cash provided by (used) in financing activities
   
68,931,534
     
(8,545,518
)
                 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
   
(300,602
)
   
(323,034
)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
   
(1,942,437
)
   
(11,103,774
)
                 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
   
13,925,765
     
22,275,477
 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
11,983,328
   
$
11,171,703
 
                 
Non-cash investing and financing activities
               
Right of use asset
   
10,280,814
         
Lease liability
   
(10,280,814
)
       
See accompanying notes.
7

THE EASTERN COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
SEPTEMBER 28, 2019


Note A – Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X and do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) for complete financial statements. Refer to the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto of the Eastern Company (the “Company”) included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 29, 2018, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on March 14, 2019 (the “2018 Form 10-K”) for additional information.

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited. However, in the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring accruals) necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations for interim periods have been reflected therein. All intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated. Operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year.

The condensed consolidated balance sheet at December 29, 2018 has been derived from the audited consolidated balance sheet at that date.

Business Combination

On August 30, 2019, the Company and its newly-formed wholly-owned subsidiary, Eastern Engineered Systems, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“EES” and with the Company, the “Company Parties”) entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement (the “Stock Purchase Agreement”) with Big 3 Holdings, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Seller”), Big 3 Precision Mold Services, Inc., a Delaware corporation and wholly-owned Subsidiary of Seller (“Big 3 Mold”), and Big 3 Precision Products, Inc., a Delaware corporation and wholly owned Subsidiary of Seller (“Big 3 Products”), Industrial Design Innovations, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and wholly-owned Subsidiary of Big 3 Products (“Design Innovations”), Sur-Form, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and wholly-owned Subsidiary of Big 3 Products (“Sur-Form”), Associated Toolmakers Limited, a limited company formed under the laws of England and Wales and wholly-owned Subsidiary of Big 3 Mold (“Associated” and together with Big 3 Mold, Big 3 Products, Design Innovations and Sur-Form, collectively “Big 3 Precision”), TVV Capital Partners III, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership (“TVV III”), TVV Capital Partners III-A, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership (“TVV IIIA”), Alan Scheidt, (“Scheidt”), Todd Riley (“Riley”), Clinton Hyde (“Hyde,” and together with TVV-III, TVV-IIIA, Scheidt and Riley, the “Seller Owners”), and Big 3 Holdings, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, as the initial Seller Representative (the “Seller Representative”). The Seller and the Seller Owners are collectively the “Selling Parties”.  On August 30, 2019, pursuant to the Stock Purchase Agreement, the Company, through EES, acquired all of the outstanding equity interests of Big 3 Precision Products and Big 3 Mold Services, and indirectly through them, all of the outstanding equity interests in Design Innovation, Sur-Form and Associated, for an adjusted purchase cash price of $81.2 million.  The acquisition was financed with a combination of $2.1 million of cash on hand, and a $100.0 million credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) with Santander Bank, N.A., for itself, People’s United Bank, N. A. and TD Bank, N.A. as lenders and a $20 million revolving credit line with lenders through a credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”). In connection with the Credit Agreement, the Company also used its cash to repay the remaining balance (approximately $19.1 million) of its then outstanding term loan with People’s United N.A.

Leases

Commencing with the financial statements contained in the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 30, 2019, in accordance with ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (“Topic 842”), right of use assets and lease liabilities have been separately identified on the balance sheet for the current period.  See Note D – Right of Use Assets.

8


Note B – Earning Per Share

The denominators used to calculate earnings per share are as follow:

   
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
September 28, 2019
   
September 29, 2018
   
September 28, 2019
   
September 29, 2018
 
Basic:
                       
Weighted average shares outstanding
   
6,236,225
     
6,262,332
     
6,233,894
     
6,263,733
 
                                 
Diluted:
                               
Weighted average shares outstanding
   
6,236,225
     
6,262,332
     
6,233,894
     
6,263,733
 
Dilutive stock options
   
17,996
     
27,916
     
17,996
     
27,916
 
Denominator for diluted earnings per share
   
6,254,221
     
6,290,248
     
6,251,890
     
6,291,649
 


Note C – Inventories

Inventories consist of the following components:

   
September 28, 2019
   
December 29, 2018
 
             
Raw material and component parts
 
$
17,837,116
   
$
17,841,166
 
Work in process
   
8,958,168
     
8,960,202
 
Finished goods
   
25,965,946
     
25,971,841
 
Total inventories
 
$
52,761,230
   
$
52,773,209
 


Note D – Right-of-Use Assets

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (“Topic 842”). ASU 2016-02 requires lessees to present right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months.  See Note M – Recent Accounting Pronouncements.

In calculating the effect of ASU 2016-02, the Company elected the transition method thereby not restating comparable periods.  The Company elected to account for non-lease components as part of the lease component to which they relate.  Lease accounting involves significant judgments, including making estimates related to the lease term, lease payments, and discount rate.  In accordance with the guidance, the Company recognized ROU assets and lease liabilities for all leases with a term greater than 12 months.

The Company has operating leases for buildings, warehouses and office equipment.  Currently, the Company has 31 operating leases with a ROU asset and lease liability totaling $10,280,814 as of September 28, 2019.  The basis, terms and conditions of the leases are determined by the individual agreements.  The Company’s option to extend certain leases ranges from 12 – 120 months.  All options to extend have been included in the calculation of the ROU asset and lease liability.  The leases do not contain residual value guarantees, restrictions, or covenants that could incur additional financial obligations to the Company.  There are no subleases, sale-leaseback, or related party transactions.


Note E - Debt

On August 30, 2019, the Company entered into the Credit Agreement with Santander Bank, N.A., for itself, People’s United Bank, National Association. and TD Bank, N.A. as lenders, that included a $100 million term portion and a $20 million revolving commitment portion. Proceeds of the term loan were used to repay the Company’s remaining
9

outstanding term loan (and to terminate its existing credit facility) with People’s United Bank, N.A. (approximately $19 million) and to acquire Big 3 Precision. The term portion of the loan requires quarterly principal payments of $1,250,000 for an 18-month period beginning December 31, 2019. The repayment amount then increases to $1,875,000 per quarter beginning September 30, 2021 and continues through June 30, 2023. The repayment amount then increases to $2,500,000 per quarter beginning September 30, 2023 and continues through June 30, 2024. The term loan is a 5-year loan with the remaining balance due on August 30, 2024. The revolving commitment portion has an annual commitment fee of 0.25% based on the unused portion of the revolver. The revolving commitment portion has a maturity date of August 30, 2024. On August 30, 2019, the Company did not borrow any funds on the revolving commitment portion of the facility. The interest rates on the term and revolving credit portion of the Credit Agreement vary.  The interest rates may vary based on the LIBOR rate plus a margin spread of 1.25% to 2.25%.  The Company’s obligations under the Credit Agreement are secured by a lien on certain of the Company’s and its subsidiaries’ assets pursuant to a Pledge and Security Agreement, dated August 30, 2019 with Santander Bank, N.A., as administrative agent.

On August 30, 2019, the Company entered into an interest rate swap contract with Santander Bank, N.A., with an original notational amount of $50,000,000, which was equal to 50% of the outstanding balance of the term loan on that date.  The Company has a fixed interest rate of 1.44% on the swap contract and will pay the difference between the fixed rate and LIBOR when LIBOR is below 1.44% and will receive interest when the LIBOR rate exceeds 1.44%.  On September 28, 2019, the interest rate for half ($50 million) of the term portion was 3.86%, using a one month LIBOR rate, and 3.19% one the remaining balance ($50 million) of the term loan based on a one month LIBOR rate.

The Company’s loan covenants under the Credit Agreement require the Company to maintain a senior net leverage ratio not to exceed 4.25 to 1. In addition, the Company will be required to maintain a fixed charge coverage ratio to be not less than 1.25 to 1.

The interest rates on the Credit Agreement, and interest rate swap contract are susceptible to changes to the method that LIBOR rates are determined and to the potential phasing out of LIBOR after 2021.  Information regarding the potential phasing out of LIBOR is provided below.

On July 27, 2017, the U.K. Financial Conduct Authority announced that it intends to stop persuading or compelling banks to submit LIBOR rates after 2021. In the United States, efforts to identify a set of alternative U.S. Dollar reference interest rates have been initiated by the Alternative Reference Rates Committee of the Federal Reserve Board and the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. At this time, it is not possible to predict whether any such changes will occur, whether LIBOR will be phased out or any such alternative reference rates or other reforms to LIBOR will be enacted in the United Kingdom, the United States or elsewhere or the effect that any such changes, phase-out, alternative reference rates or other reforms, if they occur, would have on the amount of interest paid on the Company’s LIBOR-based borrowings. Uncertainty as to the nature of such potential changes, phase-out, alternative reference rates or other reforms may materially adversely affect interest rates paid by the Company on its borrowings. Reform of, or the replacement or phasing out of, LIBOR and proposed regulation of LIBOR and other “benchmarks” may materially adversely affect the amount of interest paid on the Company’s LIBOR-based borrowings and could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations.


Note F - Stock Options and awards

Stock Options

As of September 28, 2019, the Company had one stock option plan, The Eastern Company 2010 Executive Stock Incentive Plan (the “2010 Plan”), for officers, other key employees, and non-employee Directors.  Incentive stock options granted under the 2010 Plan must have exercise prices that are not less than 100% of the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the dates the stock options are granted.  Restricted stock awards may also be granted to participants under the 2010 Plan with restrictions determined by the Compensation Committee of the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Compensation Committee”).  Under the 2010 Plan, non-qualified stock options granted to participants have exercise prices determined by the Compensation Committee. During the third quarters of 2019 and 2018, no stock option or restricted stock grants were issued subject to meeting performance measurements.  For the nine months of 2019, the Company used several assumptions, which included an expected term of 3.5 to 4 years, volatility deviation of 28.88% to 32.33% and a risk-free rate of 1.42% to 2.48%.  For the nine months of 2018, the Company used several assumptions, which included an expected term of 3.5 years, volatility deviation of 29.5% and a risk-free rate of 2.33%.

The 2010 Plan also permits the issuance of Stock Appreciation Rights (“SARs”).  The SARs are in the form of an option with a cashless exercise price equal to the difference between the fair value of the Company’s common stock at the date
10

of grant and the fair value as of the exercise date resulting in the issuance of the Company’s common stock.  During the third quarter of 2019, the Company issued 60,000 SARs in relation to the acquisition of Big 3 Precision.

Stock-based compensation expense in connection with SARs previously granted to employees in the third quarter of 2019 and 2018 was approximately $108,000 and $74,000, respectively, and for the first nine months of fiscal years 2019 and 2018 was approximately $281,000 and $203,000, respectively.

As of September 28, 2019, there were 178,500 shares of Company common stock reserved and available for future grant under the above noted 2010 Plan.

  The following tables set forth the outstanding SARs for the period specified:

   
Nine Months Ended
September 28, 2019
   
Year Ended
December 29, 2018
 
   
Units
   
Weighted - Average Exercise Price
   
Units
   
Weighted - Average Exercise Price
 
Outstanding at beginning of period
   
189,167
   
$
21.46
     
141,500
   
$
20.36
 
Issued
   
96,000
     
23.99
     
51,000
     
24.90
 
Exercised
   
(1,667
)
   
19.10
     
--
     
--
 
Forfeited
   
--
     
--
     
(3,333
)
   
19.10
 
Outstanding at end of period
   
283,500
     
22.36
     
189,167
     
21.46
 

SARs Outstanding and Exercisable

 
Range of Exercise Prices
   
Outstanding as of
September 28, 2019
   
Weighted- Average Remaining Contractual Life
   
Weighted- Average Exercise Price
   
Exercisable as of
September 28, 2019
   
Weighted- Average Remaining Contractual Life
   
Weighted- Average Exercise Price
 
$
19.10-26.30
     
283,500
     
3.5
   
$
22.36
     
38,003
     
2.5
     
19.10
 

The following tables set forth the outstanding stock grants for the period specified:

   
Nine Months Ended
September 28, 2019
   
Year Ended
December 29, 2018
 
   
Shares
   
Weighted - Average Exercise Price
   
Shares
   
Weighted - Average Exercise Price
 
Outstanding at beginning of period
   
25,000
   
$
     
25,000
   
$
 
Issued
   
     
     
     
 
Forfeited
   
     
     
     
 
Outstanding at end of period
   
25,000
     
     
25,000
     
 



Stock Grants Outstanding and Exercisable
 
Range of Exercise Prices
   
Outstanding as of
September 28, 2019
   
Weighted- Average Remaining Contractual Life
   
Weighted- Average Exercise Price
   
Exercisable as of
September 28, 2019
   
Weighted- Average Remaining Contractual Life
   
Weighted- Average Exercise Price
 
$
0.00
     
25,000
     
2.6
     
     
     
     
 

As of September 28, 2019, outstanding SARs and options had an intrinsic value of $1,180,600.

11


Note G – Shareholder’s Equity Share Repurchase Program

On May 2, 2018, the Company announced that its Board of Directors had authorized a new program to repurchase up to 200,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company’s share repurchase program does not obligate it to acquire the Company’s common stock at any specific cost per share.  During the third quarter and first nine months of 2019, the Company did not repurchase any shares of its common stock in connection with the share repurchase program.  Under this program, shares may be repurchased in privately negotiated and/or open market transactions, including under plans complying with Rule 10b5-1 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”).


Period
 
Total
Number of
Shares
Purchased
   
Average
Price Paid
Per Share
   
Total Number of
Shares
Purchased As
Part of Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs
   
Maximum Number
of Shares That May
Yet be Purchased
Under the Plans or
Programs
 
Balance as of December 29, 2019
   
40,000
   
$
26.58
     
40,000
     
160,000
 
December 29, 2019 – September 28, 2019
   
     
     
     
 
Balance as of September 28, 2019
   
40,000
   
$
26.58
     
40,000
     
160,000
 


Note H – Revenue Recognition

The Company’s revenues result from the sale of goods and services and reflect the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled.  The Company records revenues based on a five-step model in accordance with ASU No. 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“Topic 606”).  The Company has defined purchase orders as contracts in accordance with ASU 2016-10. For its customer contracts, the Company identifies its performance obligations, which are delivering goods or services, determining the transaction price, allocating the contract transaction price to the performance obligations (when applicable), and recognizing the revenue when (or as) the performance obligation is transferred to the customer.  A good or service is transferred when the customer obtains control of that good or service.  The Company’s revenues are recorded at a point in time from the sale of tangible products.  Revenues are recognized when products are shipped.

The Company elected the Modified Retrospective Method (the “Cumulative Effect Method”) to comply with ASU 2016-10.  ASU 2016-10 was adopted on December 31, 2017, which was the first day of the Company’s 2018 fiscal year.  The financial effect of ASU 2016-10 on the September 28, 2019 financial statements was not significant.

Customer volume rebates, product returns, discount and allowance are variable consideration and are recorded as a reduction of revenue in the same period that the related sales are recorded.  The Company has reviewed the overall sales transactions for variable consideration and has determined that these costs are not material.

Refer to Note L for revenues reported by segment.  The Company has not experienced any impairment losses, has no future performance obligations and does not capitalize costs to obtain or fulfill contracts.


Note I – Restructuring Costs

The Company has consolidated the Composites Group by relocating the Composite Panels Technologies division based in Salisbury, North Carolina to the Canadian Commercial Vehicle division located in Kelowna, British Columbia.    There were no costs incurred related to the consolidation in the third quarter of 2019. Non-recurring costs for the third quarter and first nine months of 2019 were $1.0 million, which included the write off of inventory in the amount of $0.5 million, fixed assets in the amount of $0.3 million, moving costs in the amount of $0.1 million, severance in the amount of $0.1 million and lease termination costs.  The Composites Group facility was closed in April of 2019.
12

During the second quarter of 2019, the Company discontinued the Velvac Road IQ development operations based in Bellingham, Washington.  There were no costs related to the discontinuation in the third quarter of 2019.  Non-recurring costs related to the discontinuation of this operation in the first nine months of 2019 were $3.7 million, which included the write-off of fixed assets in the amount of $0.2 million, inventory $0.6 million, intangible assets $2.4 million, severance $0.2 million, lease termination costs $0.3 million, and other non-recurring operating expenses.  These costs were partially offset by the reversal of a $2.1 million contingent liability the Company established with the acquisition of Velvac in April of 2017 which was no longer applicable at September 28, 2019, resulting in a net charge to earnings of $1.6 million.


Note J - Income Taxes

The Company files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, and various states and foreign jurisdictions.  With limited exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal, state and local income tax examinations by tax authorities for years before 2014 and is no longer subject to non-U.S. income tax examinations by foreign tax authorities for years prior to 2012.

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “2017 Tax Act”) was enacted into law on December 22, 2017. The 2017 Tax Act significantly changed U.S. corporate income tax laws by, among other provisions, reducing the maximum U.S. corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21%, effective in 2018, and creating a territorial tax system with a one-time mandatory tax on previously deferred foreign earnings of U.S. subsidiaries. Pursuant to SAB118, the Company is allowed a measurement period of up to one year after the enactment date of the 2017 Tax Act to finalize the recording of the related tax impacts. The Company finalized its accounting for the 2017 Tax Act during the fourth quarter of 2018, resulting in a deferred income tax benefit of $507,847 related to the re-measurement of deferred tax assets and liabilities to the new lower statutory rate of 21%.

The total amount of unrecognized tax benefits could increase or decrease within the next 12 months for several reasons, including the closure of federal, state and foreign tax years by the expiration of the statute of limitations and the recognition and measurement considerations under ASU No. 2018-05, Income Taxes (“Topic 740”).  There have been no significant changes to the amount of unrecognized tax benefits during the nine months ended September 28, 2019.  The Company believes that it is reasonably possible that the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits will not increase or decrease significantly over the next twelve months.

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-02, Income Statement—Reporting Comprehensive Income (“Topic 220”). ASU 2018-02 allows a company to elect a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the 2017 Tax Act. ASU 2018-02 is effective for periods beginning after December 15, 2018.  Upon adoption of ASU 2018-02, the Company did not elect to reclassify the tax effects of the 2017 Tax Act from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings.


Note K - Retirement Benefit Plans

The Company has non-contributory defined benefit pension plans covering most U.S. employees.  Plan benefits are generally based upon age at retirement, years of service and, for its salaried plan, the level of compensation.  The Company also sponsors unfunded non-qualified supplemental retirement plans that provide certain former officers with benefits in excess of limits imposed by federal tax law.

The Company also provides health care and life insurance for retired salaried employees in the United States who meet specific eligibility requirements.
13


Significant disclosures relating to these benefit plans for the three and nine months periods ended September 28, 2019 and September 29, 2018 are as follows:

 
Pension Benefits
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
September 28, 2019
 
September 29, 2018
 
September 28, 2019
 
September 29, 2018
 
Service cost
 
$
263,852
   
$
329,959
   
$
791,558
   
$
989,881
 
Interest cost
   
879,080
     
776,790
     
2,637,240
     
2,330,373
 
Expected return on plan assets
   
(1,190,329
)
   
(1,304,879
)
   
(3,570,990
)
   
(3,914,637
)
Amortization of prior service cost
   
24,845
     
32,691
     
74,535
     
98,072
 
Amortization of the net loss
   
290,548
     
277,528
     
871,647
     
832,584
 
Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
267,996
   
$
112,089
   
$
803,990
   
$
336,273
 
                                 
 
Postretirement Benefits
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
September 28, 2019
 
September 29, 2018
 
September 28, 2019
 
September 29, 2018
 
Service cost
 
$
8,533
   
$
9,256
   
$
24,965
   
$
27,768
 
Interest cost
   
1,874
     
19,290
     
42,566
     
57,871
 
Expected return on plan assets
   
7,938
     
(13,913
)
   
(21,025
)
   
(41,738
)
Gain on Significant Event
   
(227,071
)
   
--
     
(227,071
)
   
--
 
Amortization of prior service cost
   
(1,268
)
   
(1,268
)
   
(3,804
)
   
(3,804
)
Amortization of the net loss
   
5,560
     
(16,397
)
   
(35,454
)
   
(49,193
)
Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
(204,434
)
 
$
(3,032
)
 
$
(219,823
)
 
$
(9,096
)

During 2019 the Company caused a significant event on its postretirement benefits which was derived from using proceeds of its insurance continuance fund to buy out life insurance contracts on its current retiree group as of June 30, 2019.

The Company's funding policy for its qualified plans is to contribute at least the minimum amount required by applicable laws and regulations.  In the fiscal year 2019, the Company expects to contribute $600,000 into its pension plans and $105,000 into its postretirement plans. As of September 28, 2019, the Company has made contributions of $286,000 to its pension plans, and has contributed $45,000 to its postretirement plan and will make the remaining contributions as required during the remainder of the fiscal year.

The Company has a contributory savings plan under Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code (the “401(k) Plan”) covering substantially all U.S. non-union employees.  The 401(k) Plan allows participants to make voluntary contributions from their annual compensation on a pre-tax basis, subject to limitations under the Internal Revenue Code.  The 401(k) Plan provides for contributions by the Company at its discretion.

The Company made contributions to the plan as follows:

   
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
September 28, 2019
   
September 29, 2018
   
September 28, 2019
   
September 29, 2018
 
Regular matching contribution
 
$
125,266
   
$
129,968
   
$
418,329
   
$
436,088
 
Transitional credit contribution
   
62,464
     
68,128
     
240,840
     
273,742
 
Non-discretionary contribution
   
17,390
     
17,715
     
622,519
     
558,547
 
Total contributions for the period
 
$
205,120
   
$
215,811
   
$
1,281,688
   
$
1,268,377
 

14

The non-discretionary contribution of $565,748 made in the nine months ended September 28, 2019, was accrued for and expensed in the prior fiscal year.


Note L – Segment Information

Financial information by segment is as follows:

   
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
September 28, 2019
   
September 29, 2018
   
September 28, 2019
   
September 29, 2018
 
Revenues:
                       
Sales to unaffiliated customers:
                       
Industrial Hardware
 
$
39,427,301
   
$
34,210,857
   
$
115,321,597
   
$
106,621,484
 
Security Products
   
14,169,694
     
16,918,909
     
45,355,397
     
49,926,265
 
Metal Products
   
7,095,650
     
6,227,676
     
22,338,729
     
21,115,542
 
   
$
60,692,645
   
$
57,357,442
   
$
183,015,723
   
$
177,663,291
 
                                 
Income before income taxes:
                               
Industrial Hardware
 
$
3,419,052
   
$
1,832,203
   
$
6,369,647
   
$
7,116,732
 
Security Products
   
1,762,703
     
2,406,390
     
3,703,098
     
5,055,569
 
Metal Products
   
538,656
     
501,815
     
941,268
     
1,128,500
 
Operating Profit
   
5,720,411
     
4,740,408
     
11,014,013
     
13,300,801
 
Interest expense
   
(420,377
)
   
(310,507
)
   
(974,536
)
   
(918,897
)
Other income
   
188,623
     
228,787
     
789,371
     
673,287
 
   
$
5,488,657
   
$
4,658,688
   
$
10,828,848
   
$
13,055,191
 


Note M - Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Adopted

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (“Topic 842”). ASU 2016-02 requires lessees to present right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. The guidance is to be applied at the beginning of the earliest comparative period in the financial statements and is effective for years beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption was permitted.  In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842 - Leases. ASU 2018-10 clarifies and increases transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing transactions.  The guidance is to be applied upon adoption of Topic 842 and is effective for years beginning after December 15, 2018.  Also in July 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-11, Leases. ASU 2018-11 provides clarification and an additional (and optional) transition method to adopt the new leases standard.  The guidance is to be
applied upon adoption of Topic 842 and is effective for years beginning after December 15, 2018.  In March 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-01, Leases (Topic 842): Codification Improvements.  ASU No. 2019-01 aligns the new leases guidance with existing guidance for the fair value of the underlying asset by lessors that are not manufacturers or dealers and clarifies an exemption for lessors and lessees from a certain interim disclosure requirement associated with adopting the FASB’s new lease accounting standard.  The guidance is to be applied upon adoption of Topic 842 and is effective for years beginning after December 15, 2018. See Note D – Right-of-Use Assets.

The Company has implemented all new accounting pronouncements that are in effect and that could impact its consolidated financial statements and does not believe that any other new accounting pronouncements have been issued, but are not yet effective, that might have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements of the Company.

15


Note N - Concentration of risk
 
Credit Risk
 
Credit risk is the potential financial loss resulting from the failure of a customer or counterparty to settle its financial and contractual obligations to the Company, as and when they become due. The primary credit risk for the Company is its accounts receivable due from customers. The Company has established credit limits for customers and monitors their balances to mitigate the risk of loss.  As of September 28, 2019, there was one significant concentration of credit risk with a customer Ford Motor Company who has receivables due of $6,315,000 representing 14% of our total accounts receivable.  As of December 29, 2018, there were no significant concentrations of credit risk. No single customer represented more than 10% of the Company’s net accounts receivable as of December 29, 2018. The maximum exposure to credit risk is primarily represented by the carrying amount of the Company’s accounts receivable.
 
Interest Rate Risk
 
The Company’s exposure to the risk of changes in market interest rates relates primarily to the Company’s debt, which bears interest at variable rates based on the LIBOR rate plus a margin spread of 1.25% to 2.25%. The Company has an interest rate swap with a notional amount of $50,000,000 on September 28, 2019, to convert a portion of its 2019 Credit Agreement from variable to fixed rates. The valuation of this swap is determined using the one month LIBOR rate index and mitigates the Company's exposure to interest rate risk.  Additionally, interest rates on the Company's debt are susceptible to changes to the method that LIBOR rates are determined and to the potential phasing out of LIBOR after 2021. More information regarding the potential phasing out of LIBOR is discussed in greater detail under Item 7 of the Company’s 2018 Form 10-K.

Currency Exchange Rate Risk

The Company’s currency exposure is concentrated in the Canadian dollar, Mexican peso, New Taiwan dollar, Chinese RMB and the Hong Kong dollar.  Because of the Company’s limited exposure to any single foreign market, any currency gains or losses have not been material and are not expected to be material in the future.  As a result, the Company does not attempt to mitigate its foreign currency exposure through the acquisition of any speculative or leveraged financial instruments.

Note O – Business Combination

On August 30, 2019, the Company and its newly-formed wholly-owned subsidiary, Eastern Engineered Systems, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“EES” and with the Company, the “Company Parties”) entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement (the “Stock Purchase Agreement”) with Big 3 Holdings, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Seller”), Big 3 Precision Mold Services, Inc., a Delaware corporation and wholly-owned Subsidiary of Seller (“Big 3 Mold”), and Big 3 Precision Products, Inc., a Delaware corporation and wholly owned Subsidiary of Seller (“Big 3 Products”), Industrial Design Innovations, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and wholly-owned Subsidiary of Big 3 Products (“Design Innovations”), Sur-Form, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and wholly-owned Subsidiary of Big 3 Products (“Sur-Form”), Associated Toolmakers Limited, a limited company formed under the laws of England and Wales and wholly-owned Subsidiary of Big 3 Mold (“Associated” and together with Big 3 Mold, Big 3 Products, Design Innovations and Sur-Form, collectively “Big 3 Precision”), TVV Capital Partners III, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership (“TVV III”), TVV Capital Partners III-A, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership (“TVV IIIA”), Alan Scheidt, (“Scheidt”), Todd Riley (“Riley”), Clinton Hyde (“Hyde,” and together with TVV-III, TVV-IIIA, Scheidt and Riley, the “Seller Owners”), and Big 3 Holdings, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, as the initial Seller Representative (the “Seller Representative”). The Seller and the Seller Owners are collectively the “Selling Parties”.  On August 30, 2019, pursuant to the Stock Purchase Agreement, the Company, through EES, acquired all of the outstanding equity interests of Big 3 Precision Products and Big 3 Mold Services, and indirectly through them, all of the outstanding equity interests in Design Innovation, Sur-Form and Associated, for an adjusted purchase cash price of $81.2 million.  The acquisition was financed with a combination of $2.1 million of cash on hand, and a $100.0 million credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) with Santander Bank, N.A., for itself, People’s United Bank, N. A. and TD Bank, N.A. as lenders and a $20 million revolving credit line with lenders through a credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”). In connection with the Credit Agreement, the Company also used its cash to repay the remaining balance (approximately $19.1 million) of its then outstanding term loan with People’s United N.A.
16

Through its two divisions, Big 3 Precision Products and Big 3 Precision Mold Services, Big 3 Precision serves diverse markets including truck, automotive, plastic packaging products, packaged consumer goods and pharmaceuticals. In particular, Big 3 Precision Products works with leading manufacturers to design and produce custom returnable packaging to integrate with their assembly processes.  Big 3 Precision Mold Services is a global leader in the design and manufacture of blow mold tools.

The following table summarizes the consideration paid for Big 3 Precision and the amounts of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed recognized at the acquisition date, as well as the fair value at the acquisition date.

At August 30, 2019:

Consideration
     
Cash
 
$
338,714
 
Debt
   
80,817,039
 
   
$
81,155,753
 
Recognized amounts of identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed
       
Accounts receivable
 
$
13,649,937
 
Inventory
   
3,240,382
 
Prepaid and other assets
   
32,268
 
Property plant and equipment
   
13,770,170
 
Other noncurrent assets
   
1,337,337
 
Other intangible assets
   
21,054,000
 
Current liabilities
   
(4,910,384
)
Deferred revenue
   
(1,585,709
)
Income tax payable
   
(2,039,117
)
Note payable
   
(375,379
)
Deferred tax liabilities
   
(7,114,732
)
Total identifiable net assets
   
37,058,773
 
Goodwill
   
44,096,980
 
   
$
81,155,753
 

Accounts Receivable

Acquired receivables are amounts due from customers, and are stated at net realizable value.

Inventories

The estimated fair value of inventories acquired, which is at net realizable value.

Property, Plant and Equipment

The property plant and equipment are estimated at net realizable value at the time of the acquisition.

Intangible Assets

The estimated fair value of identifiable intangible assets is determined primarily using the Income Approach method which is a valuation technique that provides an estimate of the fair value of an asset based on the market participant’s expectations of the cash flows that an asset would generate over its remaining useful life. Some of the more significant assumption inherent in the development of the identifiable intangible assets valuation, from the perspective of a market participant, include the estimate net cash flows for each year for each project or product, the appropriate discount rate to select in order to measure the risk inherent in each future cash flow stream, the assessment of each asset’s life cycle, competitive trends impacting the asset and each cash flow stream as well as other factors.

Goodwill Allocation

Goodwill of $44,096,980 arising from the acquisition consists of the difference between the consideration paid and the fair value of the assets and liabilities acquired. None of the goodwill recognized is expected to be deductible for income tax purposes. 
17

Current Liabilities

Acquired current liabilities are amounts owed to vendors or accrued expenses.


Deferred Revenue

Deferred revenue is the amount of customers deposits at the time of the acquisition.


Income taxes

Income taxes are the estimated amount of state and federal taxes to settle certain tax positions prior to the acquisition.


Deferred Tax Liability

The deferred tax liability is stated at estimated tax liability due to the difference in the book basis of assets compared to the tax basis of those assets at the time of acquisition.


Acquisition Related Expenses

Included in general and administrative expenses in the consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine month periods ended September 28, 2019 were $765,000 and $1,184,000, respectively, for acquisition expenses.




I TEM 2 – MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion is intended to highlight significant changes in the Company’s financial position and results of operations for the quarter and nine months ended September 28, 2019. The interim financial statements and this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto for the fiscal year ended December 29, 2018 and the related Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, both of which are contained in the Company’s 2018 Form 10-K, which was filed with the SEC on March 14, 2019 (the “2018 Form 10-K”).

Safe Harbor for Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements set forth in this discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and the rules, regulation and releases of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC").  Any statement that is not historical fact, including statements containing such words as "may," "will," "could," "expects," "intends," "believes," "plans," "anticipates," "estimated," or similar expressions should be considered forward-looking statements. Readers should not place undue influence on these statements which, reflect management's current expectations regarding future events and operating performance and are made only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, and actual future results and trends might differ materially from those discussed in, or implied by, the forward-looking statements.

The risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from those described in the forward-looking statements depend on a variety of factors, including changing customer preferences, lack of success of new products, loss of customers, competition, increased raw material prices, tariffs, including the anticipated tariff on Chinese products in 2019 as proposed by the U.S. Trade Representative, problems associated with foreign sourcing of parts and products, changes within the Company’s industry segments and in the overall economy, litigation, legislation and the impact of  acquisitions and related integration. In addition, terrorist threats and the possible responses by the U.S. and foreign governments, the effects on consumer demand, the financial markets, the travel industry, the trucking industry and other conditions increase the uncertainty inherent in forward-looking statements.
18

There are important, additional factors that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements, including the factors described in the 2018 Form 10-K.  Although the Company believes it has an appropriate business strategy and the resources necessary for its operations, future revenue and margin trends cannot be reliably predicted and the Company may alter its business strategies to address changing conditions.

The Company undertakes no obligation to update, alter, or otherwise revise any forward-looking statements, whether written or oral, that may be made from time to time, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.

In addition, the Company makes estimates and assumptions that may materially affect reported amounts and disclosures. These relate to valuation allowances for accounts receivable and excess and obsolete inventories, accruals for pensions and other postretirement benefits (including forecasted future cost increases and returns on plan assets), provisions for depreciation (estimating useful lives), uncertain tax positions, and, on occasion, accruals for contingent losses.


Overview

On August 30, 2019, the Company acquired 100% of the outstanding shares of Big 3 Precision for an adjusted purchase price of $81.2 million.  Among the primary reasons why the Company entered into the acquisition with Big 3 Precision, and the factors that contributed to a purchase price resulting in the recognition of goodwill, were Big 3 Precision’s history of operating margins and profitability, cash flow, and sales growth over the past 5 years.  Big 3 Precision Products and Big 3 Precision Mold Services, Big 3 Precision serves diverse markets including truck, automotive, plastic packaging products, packaged consumer goods and pharmaceuticals.  In particular, Big 3 Products works with leading manufacturers to design and produce custom returnable packaging to integrate with their assembly processes.  Big 3 Mold is a global leader in the design and manufacture of blow mold tools.  The acquisition was financed with a combination of $2.1 million of cash on hand and a $100.0 million credit agreement with Santander Bank, N.A., for itself, People’s United Bank, N.A. and TD Bank, N.A. as lenders that included a $20 million revolving credit line with lenders through a credit the Credit Agreement. In connection with the Credit Agreement, the Company also used its cash to repay the remaining balance (approximately $19.1 million) of its then outstanding term loan with People’s United Bank, N.A.

Net sales in the third quarter of 2019 increased 6% to $60.7 million as compared to $57.4 million in the third quarter of 2018.  Net sales increased in the Industrial Hardware Segment by 15% in the third quarter of 2019 as compared to net sales in the third quarter of 2018 as a result of strong sales growth in Class 8 trucks, distribution and specialty vehicle markets, in addition to the acquisition of Big 3 Precision.  Net sales decreased in the Security Products Segment by 16% in the third quarter of 2019 as compared to net sales in the third quarter of 2018.  Sales from the Load N Lock business which was acquired in June 2018 partially offset the impact of lower demand for commercial laundry products, a decline in our point of sale security products, the termination of a supply contract with a customer to manufacture mechatronic padlock systems for cellphone tower security access applications and the loss of a customer servicing the recreational vehicles market.  Net sales increased in the Metal Products Segment by 14% in the third quarter of 2019 as compared to net sales in the third quarter of 2018 as a result of a 20% increase in sales to mining product customers and an increase of 3% in sales to industrial casting customers, as compared to sales to these customers in the third quarter of 2018.

Total sales volume in the third quarter of 2019 decreased by 2%, while new products contributed 6%, as compared to the third quarter of 2018.  A net sales volume decline in the Security Products Segment, a decline in the Recreational Vehicle market, in addition to a decline in our composite panels business more than offset the addition of one month of sales related to the acquisition of Big 3 Precision.  New products included a hood mount truck mirror, a molded toolbox latching system for pickup trucks, an electronic switch lock, a key lock for the storage industry and a canopy lock assembly for the vehicle industry and various industrial castings for the agricultural market.

Net sales in the first nine months of 2019 increased $5.4 million or 3% compared to net sales in the first nine months of 2018.  Sales volume of existing products decreased by 3% while sales of new products increased by 5% in the first nine months of 2019 as compared to the first nine months of 2018.  Net sales increased in the Industrial Hardware Segment and the Metal Products Segment by 8% and 6% respectively and decreased in the Security Product Segment by 9% in the first nine months of 2019 as compared to the corresponding period in 2018.
19

Cost of products sold in the third quarter of 2019 increased by $2.6 million or 6% as compared to the third quarter of 2018.  The increase in cost of products sold for the third quarter of 2019 reflects the mix of products sold, increased costs due to additional sales volume, and costs incurred in producing the new Class 8 truck mirror program that was awarded in 2018.  The Company has been actively re-sourcing higher components cost items to more cost competitive suppliers and working through the Production Part Approval Process (“PPAP”), which was completed at the end of October2019.  Not all required components for the truck mirror program have been approved for alternate suppliers who offer more favorable pricing.  The increase in cost of products sold in the third quarter of 2019 was partially offset by a decrease in raw material prices.  The Company experienced $0.9 million in tariff-related costs on China-sourced products in the third quarter of 2019 which were not incurred in the third quarter of 2018.  Raw material pricing declined by 13% for hot rolled steel, 3% for cold-rolled steel, 24% for scrap iron, 5% for copper and 18% for zinc in the third quarter of 2019 as compared to the third quarter of 2018.

Cost of products sold in the first nine months of 2019 increased by $5.6 million or 4% as compared to the first nine months of 2018.   Material costs increased by $2.2 million reflecting higher sales volume and higher material costs incurred in producing the new Class 8 truck mirror that was awarded in 2018.  We expect to see improved margins on the product during the fourth quarter of 2019.  Further impacting the first nine months of 2019 were increase freight costs of $0.6 million or 12% compared to the first nine months of 2018 due to slow down at the Port of Long Beach, California, and expedited shipping expenses.  Lower production levels resulted in operating cost of $0.5 million not being fully absorbed during the first nine months of 2019 as compared to the first nine months of 2018.  The Company experienced tariff costs of $1.5 million on China-sourced products in the first nine months of 2019 that were not incurred in the comparable period of 2018.  The majority of the tariff costs have been recovered through price increases.  Raw material prices decreased by 16% for hot rolled steel, 13% for zinc, 6% for copper and 14% for scrap iron during the first nine months 2019 as compared to the first nine months of 2018.

Gross margin as a percent of net sales in the third quarter of 2019 and the third quarter of 2018 was 25%.  Gross margin as a percent of net sales in the first nine months of 2019 and the first nine months of 2018 was 24%.

Product development expenses decreased by $1.2 million or 59% in the third quarter of 2019 as compared to the third quarter of 2018.  The majority of the decrease relates to the closure of the Velvac Road IQ development operations.  Product development expenses in the first nine months of 2019 increased by $0.2 million or 3% compared to the first nine months of 2018.  The increase relates to several Class 8 truck mirror programs, a mobile app payment system for commercial laundry, a blue tooth lock and various new product launches in our Security Products Segment.

Selling and administration expenses increased by $0.9 million or 12% in the third quarter of 2019 compared to the third quarter of 2018, primarily as a result of an increase in payroll and payroll-related expenses, acquisition expenses of $0.8 million and increased amortization expense related to the acquisition of Big 3 Precision.  Selling and administration expenses in the first nine months of 2019 decreased by $0.7 million or 3% as compared to the first nine months of 2018 as a result of a decrease in payroll and payroll-related expenses.  Offsetting the decrease was acquisition expenses of $1.2 million, an increase in amortization expenses related to the acquisition of Big 3 Precision and the inclusion of
Big 3 Precision selling and administration expenses.

The Company has consolidated the Composites Group by relocating the Composite Panels Technologies division based in Salisbury, North Carolina to the Canadian Commercial Vehicle division located in Kelowna, British Columbia.    There were no costs incurred related to the consolidation in the third quarter of 2019. Non-recurring costs for the third quarter and first nine months of 2019 were $1.0 million, which included the write off of inventory in the amount of $0.5 million, fixed assets in the amount of $0.3 million, moving costs in the amount of $0.1 million, severance in the amount of $0.1 million and lease termination costs.  The Composites Group facility was closed in April of 2019.

During the second quarter of 2019, the Company discontinued the Velvac Road IQ development operations based in Bellingham, Washington.  There were no costs related to the discontinuation in the third quarter of 2019.  Non-recurring costs related to the discontinuation of this operation in the first nine months of 2019 were $3.7 million, which included the write-off of fixed assets in the amount of $0.2 million, inventory $0.6 million, intangible assets $2.4 million, severance $0.2 million, lease termination costs $0.3 million, and other non-recurring operating expenses.  These costs were partially offset by the reversal of a $2.1 million contingent liability the Company established with the acquisition of Velvac in April of 2017 which was no longer applicable at September 28, 2019, resulting in a net charge to earnings of $1.6 million.
20

Interest expense increased by $0.1 million or 35% in the third quarter of 2019 as compared to the third quarter of 2018 and increased $0.1 million or 6% in the first nine months of 2019 as compared to the first nine months of 2018.  The increase is the result of new debt incurred for the acquisition of Big 3 Precision.

Other income decreased by 18% in the third quarter of 2019 compared to the third quarter of 2018 primarily due to a decrease in postretirement benefits of $0.2 million caused by a gain from the buyout of retiree life insurance policies.  Other income increased by 17% in the first nine months of 2019 compared to the first nine months of 2018 primarily due to the sale of land at the Company’s headquarters location, which resulted in a gain of $0.6 million.

Net Income for the third quarter of 2019 increased to $4.2 million, or $0.67 per diluted share, from $3.8 million, or $0.60 per diluted share, for the third quarter of 2018.  Net Income for the first nine months of 2019 decreased to $8.3 million, or $1.33 per diluted share, from $10.1 million, or $1.61 per diluted share, for the first nine months of 2018. Net income for the nine months ended September 28, 2019, was affected by non-recurring restructuring costs of $2.0 million, net of tax, incurred in the nine months of 2019.

A more detailed analysis of the Company’s results of operations and financial condition is provided below.


Results of Operations

The following table displays selected line items from the condensed consolidated statements of operations as a percentage of net sales, by segment, for the periods indicated:
   
Three Months Ended September 28, 2019
 
   
Industrial
   
Security
   
Metal
       
   
Hardware
   
Products
   
Products
   
Total
 
Net sales
   
100.0
%
   
100.0
%
   
100.0
%
   
100.0
%
Cost of products sold
   
76.1
%
   
67.8
%
   
86.6
%
   
75.4
%
Gross margin
   
23.9
%
   
32.2
%
   
13.4
%
   
24.6
%
                                 
Product development expense
   
0.4
%
   
4.7
%
   
     
1.4
%
Selling and administrative expense
   
14.8
%
   
15.2
%
   
5.8
%
   
13.8
%
                                 
Operating profit
   
8.7
%
   
12.3
%
   
7.6
%
   
9.4
%
                                 

   
Three Months Ended September 29, 2018
 
   
Industrial
   
Security
   
Metal
       
   
Hardware
   
Products
   
Products
   
Total
 
Net sales
   
100.0
%
   
100.0
%
   
100.0
%
   
100.0
%
Cost of products sold
   
77.4
%
   
68.0
%
   
83.1
%
   
75.2
%
Gross margin
   
22.6
%
   
32.0
%
   
16.9
%
   
24.8
%
                                 
Product development expense
   
4.3
%
   
3.0
%
   
     
3.5
%
Selling and administrative expense
   
12.9
%
   
14.8
%
   
8.8
%
   
13.0
%
Operating profit
   
5.4
%
   
14.2
%
   
8.1
%
   
8.3
%


The following table displays the change in net sales and operating profit by segment for the third quarter of 2019 compared to the third quarter of 2018 (dollars in thousands):
21


   
Industrial
   
Security
   
Metal
       
   
Hardware
   
Products
   
Products
   
Total
 
Net sales
 
$
5,216
   
$
(2,749
)
 
$
868
   
$
3,335
 
                                 
         Volume
   
5.8
%
   
-20.2
%
   
3.9
%
   
-2.0
%
         Prices
   
1.8
%
   
2.5
%
   
2.3
%
   
2.1
%
         New products
   
7.6
%
   
1.5
%
   
7.7
%
   
5.8
%
     
15.2
%
   
-16.2
%
   
13.9
%
   
5.9
%
                                 
Operating profit
 
$
1,586
   
$
(643
)
 
$
37
   
$
980
 
     
86.6
%
   
-26.7
%
   
7.3
%
   
20.7
%


The following table displays selected line items from the condensed consolidated statements of operations as a percentage of net sales, by segment, for the periods indicated:

   
Nine Months Ended September 28, 2019
 
   
Industrial
   
Security
   
Metal
       
   
Hardware
   
Products
   
Products
   
Total
 
Net sales
   
100.0
%
   
100.0
%
   
100.0
%
   
100.0
%
Cost of products sold
   
76.4
%
   
69.0
%
   
88.7
%
   
76.1
%
Gross margin
   
23.6
%
   
31.0
%
   
11.3
%
   
23.9
%
                                 
Product development expense
   
2.9
%
   
4.2
%
   
     
2.9
%
Selling and administrative expense
   
13.7
%
   
16.6
%
   
7.1
%
   
13.6
%
Restructuring costs
   
1.5
%
   
2.0
%
           
1.4
%
Operating profit
   
5.5
%
   
8.2
%
   
4.2
%
   
6.0
%
                                 
                                 
   
Nine Months Ended September 29, 2018
 
   
Industrial
   
Security
   
Metal
         
   
Hardware
   
Products
   
Products
   
Total
 
Net sales
   
100.0
%
   
100.0
%
   
100.0
%
   
100.0
%
Cost of products sold
   
75.8
%
   
69.7
%
   
85.5
%
   
75.2
%
Gross margin
   
24.2
%
   
30.3
%
   
14.5
%
   
24.8
%
                                 
Product development expense
   
3.4
%
   
3.0
%
   
     
2.9
%
Selling and administrative expense
   
14.1
%
   
17.2
%
   
9.1
%
   
14.4
%
Operating profit
   
6.7
%
   
10.1
%
   
5.4
%
   
7.5
%

The following table displays the change in net sales and operating profit by segment for the first nine months of 2019 compared to the first nine months of 2018 (dollars in thousands):

   
Industrial
   
Security
   
Metal
       
   
Hardware
   
Products
   
Products
   
Total
 
Net sales
 
$
8,700
   
$
(4,571
)
 
$
1,223
   
$
5,352
 
                                 
         Volume
   
1.5
%
   
-11.4
%
   
-4.4
%
   
-2.9
%
         Prices
   
0.5
%
   
1.2
%
   
2.1
%
   
0.9
%
         New products
   
6.2
%
   
1.0
%
   
8.1
%
   
5.0
%
     
8.2
%
   
-9.2
%
   
5.8
%
   
3.0
%
                                 
Operating profit
 
$
(747
)
 
$
(1,353
)
 
$
(187
)
 
$
(2,287
)
     
-1.2
%
   
-2.0
%
   
-1.1
%
   
-17.3
%

22

Industrial Hardware Segment

Net sales in the Industrial Hardware Segment increased by 15% in the third quarter and 8% in the first nine months of 2019 as compared to the corresponding periods of 2018.  The acquisition of Big 3 Precision accounted for an increase in net sales of 14% in the third quarter and 4% in the first nine months of 2019 as compared to the corresponding periods of 2018.  Net sales increased in the Class 8 truck, distribution and specialty vehicles markets. New products sales contributed 8% in the third quarter and 6% in the first nine months of 2019 as compared to the corresponding periods of 2018.  New products included a Class 8 hood mount mirror, mini rotary with adapter, a vent assembly for Class 8 trucks, and a molded toolbox latching system for pickup trucks.

Cost of products sold increased by 13% in the third quarter and 9% in the first nine months of 2019, as compared to the corresponding periods of 2018.  Material costs increased by $1.7 million or 9% in the third quarter of 2019 as compared to the third quarter of 2019 and increased by $4.7 million or 8% in the first nine months of 2019 as compared to the first nine months of 2018.  The increase is the result of higher sales volume and higher material costs incurred in producing the new Class 8 truck mirror that was awarded in 2018.  The Company has been actively re-sourcing higher components cost items to more cost–competitive suppliers and working through the Production Part Approval Process (“PPAP”) which will be completed by the end of October 2019.  We expect to see improved margins on the new Class 8 truck mirror during the fourth quarter of 2019.  Further impacting the third quarter and first nine months of 2019 was an increase in freight costs of $0.2 million or 17% and $0.5 million or 12%, respectively, as compared to the third quarter and the first nine months of 2018 due to slow down at the Port of Long Beach, California.  The Company experienced tariff costs of $0.5 and $1.0 million for the third quarter and first nine months of 2019, respectively, on China-sourced products that were not incurred in the comparable periods of 2018.  The majority of the tariff costs have been recovered through price increases.  Costs of products sold also increased for the third quarter and first nine months of 2019 due to the inclusion of costs related to the acquisition of Big 3 Precision, which were not included in the comparable periods of 2018.

Gross margin as a percentage of net sales was 24% in the third quarter of 2019 as compared to 23% in the third quarter of 2018.  Gross margin as a percentage of net sales was 24% in the first nine months of 2019 and in the first nine months of 2018.

Product development expense as a percentage of net sales was less than 1% in the third quarter of 2019 and 3% in the first nine months of 2019 as compared to 4% in the corresponding periods of 2018.  The decrease in the 2019 periods primarily reflects the closure of the Velvac Road IQ development operations.

Restructuring costs incurred in the second quarter of 2019 related to the discontinuation of the Velvac Road IQ development operations based in Bellingham, Washington.  There were no costs recorded in the third quarter of 2019.  Non-recurring costs recorded in the first nine months of 2019 were $3.7 million in total, which included the write-off of fixed assets, inventory, intangible assets, severance, lease termination costs, and other non-recurring operating expenses.  These costs were partially offset by the reversal of a $2.1 million contingent liability the Company established with the acquisition of Velvac in April of 2017, resulting in a net write-off of $1.6 million in the second quarter of 2019.

Selling and administrative expenses increased by 32% in the third quarter of 2019 as compared to the third quarter of 2018, primarily as a result of an increase in payroll and payroll-related expenses and the acquisition of Big 3 Precision.  Selling and administrative expenses increased by 5% in the first nine months of 2019 compared to the first nine months of 2018 due to lower payroll and payroll related cost offset by the inclusion of Big 3 Precision expenses, higher amortization cost and acquisition expenses.


Security Products Segment

Net sales in the Security Products Segment decreased by 16% in the third quarter and 9% in the first nine months of 2019 as compared to the corresponding periods of 2018.  Sales from the Load N Lock business which was acquired in June 2018 partially offset the impact of lower demand for commercial laundry products, a decline in our point of sale security products, the termination of a supply contract with a customer to manufacture mechatronic padlock systems for cellphone tower security access applications and the loss of a customer servicing the recreational vehicles market.  New product sales contributed 1% in the first nine months of 2019 as compared to the first nine months of 2018 and included sales of an electronic switch lock for the mass transit industry, a key lock for the storage industry and a canopy lock assembly for the vehicle industry.
23


Cost of products sold decreased by 17% in the third quarter and 10% in the first nine months of 2019 as compared to the corresponding periods of 2018, as a result of decreased sales volume and reduction in raw material costs.  The cost of zinc decreased by 18% and the cost of copper decreased by 5% year over year.  The Company experienced tariff costs on China-sourced products of $0.4 million in the third quarter and $0.5 million in the first nine months of 2019, which were not incurred in the comparable periods of 2018.  The majority of the tariffs have been recovered through price increases.

Gross margin as a percentage of net sales was 32% in the third quarter and 31% in the first nine months of 2019, as compared to 32% and 29% in the corresponding periods of 2018.  The increase in gross margin in the first nine months of 2019 reflects the mix of products produced and a reduction in raw materials costs.

Product development expense as a percentage of net sales was 5% in the third quarter and 4% in the first nine months of 2019, as compared to 3% for both of the corresponding periods of 2018.  The increase reflects the continued development of a blue tooth lock, a blade key core and various development of new customer products.

Selling and administrative expenses decreased by 14% in the third quarter and 13% in the first nine months of 2019, as compared to the corresponding periods of 2018, primarily as a result of a decline in payroll and payroll-related expenses.


Metal Products Segment

Net sales in the Metal Products Segment increased by 14% in the third quarter and 6% in the first nine months of 2019 as compared to the corresponding periods of 2018.   Sales to mining customers increased by 20% while sales to industrial casting customers increased by 3% in the third quarter of 2019 as compared to the third quarter of 2018.  Sales to mining customers increased by 3% while sales to industrial casting customers increased by 11% in the first nine months of 2019 as compared to the first nine months of 2018.  Sales volume increased by 4% with new product sales and price increases accounting for 10% of such increase during the third quarter of 2019 as compared to the third quarter of 2018.  New product sales included various industrial castings serving the agriculture market.

Cost of products sold increased by 19% in the third quarter and 10% in the first nine months of 2019, as compared to the corresponding periods in 2018 primarily as a result of increased sales volume.

Gross margin as a percentage of net sales was 13% in the third quarter of 2019 as compared to 17% in the third quarter of 2018. Gross margin as a percentage of net sales was 11% in the first nine months of 2019 as compared to 15% in the first nine months of 2018.

Selling and administrative expenses decreased by 25% in the third quarter of 2019 and 18% in the first nine months of 2019 as compared to the corresponding periods of 2018, primarily as a result of a decrease in payroll and payroll-related expenses.


Liquidity and Sources of Capital

The Company generated approximately $12.2 million of cash from operations during the first nine months of 2019 compared to approximately $7.1 million during the same period in 2018.  The Company allocated $9.5 million of its cash towards the pay down of its long-term debt, of which $8.0 million was an accelerated payment, and subsequently entered into a new credit agreement which refinanced the outstanding $19.1 in principle and provided $81 million for the acquisition of Big 3 Precision during the third quarter of 2019.   The Company also repatriated $0.7 million from its Canadian operations, $1.5 million from its Chinese operations and $0.5 million from its Mexican operations during the first nine months of 2019.  The Company subsequently repatriated $1.0 million from its Chinese operations in the fourth quarter of 2019.  Cash flow from operations coupled with the new credit agreement were sufficient to acquire Big 3 Precision and cover related expenses and to fund capital expenditures, debt service, and dividend payments.

Additions to property, plant and equipment were approximately $1.9 million for the first nine months of 2019 and $4.2 million for the corresponding period of 2018.  As of September 28, 2019, there were approximately $0.3 million in outstanding commitments for capital expenditures.
24


The following table shows key financial ratios at the end of each specified period:

   
Third
Quarter
2019
   
Third
Quarter
2018
   
Year
End
2018
 
Current ratio
   
3.2
     
3.3
     
3.4
 
Average days’ sales in accounts receivable
   
54
     
48
     
44
 
Inventory turnover
   
4.3
     
3.5
     
3.4
 
Total debt to shareholders’ equity
   
96.6
%
   
30.5
%
   
29.6
%


The following table shows important liquidity measures as of the balance sheet date for each specified period (in millions):

   
Third
   
Third
   
Year
 
   
Quarter
   
Quarter
   
End
 
   
2019
   
2018
   
2018
 
Cash and cash equivalents
                 
  - Held in the United States
 
$
4.5
   
$
3.4
   
$
5.6
 
  - Held by a foreign subsidiary
   
7.5
     
7.8
     
8.3
 
     
12.0
     
11.2
     
13.9
 
                         
Working capital
   
78.8
     
67.0
     
71.0
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
   
12.5
     
7.1
     
12.9
 
Change in working capital impact on net cash
    (used) in operating activities
   
(2.0
)
   
(6.4
)
   
(5.9
)
Net cash (used) in investing activities
   
(83.1
)
   
(9.3
)
   
(10.4
)
Net cash (used) in financing activities
   
68.9
     
(8.5
)
   
(10.4
)


Inventories of $52.8 million as of September 28, 2019, are approximately flat as compared to $52.7 million at the end of the fiscal year 2018.  Inventories as of September 28, 2019, included $3.2 million, or 6%, of inventory acquired in the Big 3 Precision transaction.  Inventories increased by 3% in the third quarter of 2019, as compared to $51.2 million at the end of the third fiscal quarter of 2018.  Accounts receivable, less allowances were $43.5 million on September 28, 2019, as compared to $30.3 million at the 2018 fiscal year-end and $30.5 million at the end of the third fiscal quarter of 2018.

Cash, cash flow from operating activities and funds available under the revolving credit portion of the Credit Agreement are expected to be sufficient to cover future foreseeable working capital requirements.

On August 30, 2019, the Company incurred indebtedness under the Credit Agreement in the aggregate principal amount of $100 million in the form of a term loan, the proceeds of which were used to repay the remaining outstanding balances of the Restated Loan Agreement, as previously disclosed in the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 29, 2019, (approximately $19,125,000) and to acquire 100% of the common stock of Big 3 Precision (see Note O).  See Note E for additional information regarding the terms of the Credit Agreement, including repayment terms, interest rates and applicable loan covenants.  Under the terms of the Credit Agreement, the Company is subject to restrictive covenants that limit our ability to, among other things, incur additional indebtedness, pay dividends or make other distributions, and consolidate, merge, sell or otherwise dispose of assets, as well financial covenants that require us to maintain a minimum fixed charge ratio and a maximum senior net leverage ratio.  These covenants may limit how we conduct our business, and in the event of certain defaults, our repayment obligations may be accelerated.  We were in compliance with all of our covenants at September 28, 2019.

On July 27, 2017, the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), a regulator of financial services firms in the United Kingdom, announced that it intends to stop persuading or compelling banks to submit LIBOR rates after 2021. The FCA and submitting LIBOR banks have indicated they will support the LIBOR indices through 2021 to allow for an orderly transition to an alternative reference rate. In the United States, efforts to identify a set of alternative U.S. dollar reference
25

interest rates include proposals by the Alternative Reference Rates Committee of the Federal Reserve Board. Other financial services regulators and industry groups are evaluating the possible phase-out of LIBOR and the development of alternate reference rate indices or reference rates. Some of our assets and liabilities are indexed to LIBOR. We are evaluating the potential impact of the possible replacement of the LIBOR benchmark interest rate, but are not able to predict whether LIBOR will cease to be available after 2021, whether the alternative rates the Federal Reserve Board proposes to publish will become market benchmarks in place of LIBOR, or what the impact of such a transition will have
on our business, financial condition, or results of operations. Reform of, or the replacement or phasing out of, LIBOR and proposed regulation of LIBOR and other “benchmarks” may materially adversely affect the amount of interest paid on any LIBOR-based loans, investment securities and borrowings of the Company and the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations.”


Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

As of the end of the fiscal quarter ended September 28, 2019, the Company does not have any material transactions, arrangements, obligations (including contingent obligations), or other relationships with unconsolidated entities or other persons, as described by Item 303(a)(4) of Regulation S-K, that have or are reasonably likely to have a material current or future impact on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, capital resources or significant components of revenues or expenses.


ITEM 3 – QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

As a result of the Company’s status as a smaller reporting company pursuant to Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act, the Company is no longer required to provide the information under this Item 3, of Form 10-Q pursuant to Item 305 of Regulation S-K.


ITEM 4 – CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures:

As of the end of the quarter ended September 28, 2019, the Company carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer (the “CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (the “CFO”), of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 240.13a-15.  As defined in Exchange Act Rules 240.13a-15(e) and 240.15d-15(e), “the term disclosure controls and procedures means controls and other procedures of an issuer that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the issuer in the reports that it files or submits under the Act (15 U.S.C. 78a et seq.) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Commission's rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by an issuer in the reports that it files or submits under the Act is accumulated and communicated to the issuer's management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.”

The Company believes that a controls system, no matter how well designed and operated, cannot provide absolute assurance that the objectives of the controls system are met, and no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within a company have been detected. The Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives.  Based upon their evaluation, the CEO and CFO have concluded that these controls and procedures are effective at the reasonable assurance level as of September 28, 2019.


Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting:

During the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, there have been no changes in the Company's internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

26


PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1 – LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

The Company is a party to various legal proceedings from time to time-related to its normal business operations.  As of the end of the quarter ended September 28, 2019, the Company is not involved in any legal proceedings.

In 2010, the Company was contacted by the State of Illinois regarding potential ground contamination at its plant in Wheeling, Illinois. The Company entered into a voluntary remediation program in Illinois and engaged an environmental clean-up company to perform testing and develop a remediation plan. Since 2010, the environmental company completed a number of tests and the design of a final remediation system was approved in the second quarter of 2018. As of the end of the third quarter of 2018, the remediation plan was completed. The State of Illinois has received the documentation related to the remediation and is in the process of approving the final documentation.  The total estimated cost for the remediation system is anticipated to be approximately $50,000, which the Company previously accrued for and expensed in prior years.

In 2016, the Company created a plan to remediate a landfill of spent foundry sand maintained at the Company’s metal casting facility in New York. This plan was agreed to by the New York Department of Environmental Conservation (the “DEC”) on March 27, 2018. Based on estimates provided by the Company’s environmental engineers, the anticipated cost to remediate and monitor the landfill was $430,000. The Company accrued for and expensed the entire $430,000 in the first quarter of 2018 and fiscal 2017.  In the Fall of 2018, detailed construction drawings were prepared by an outside consultant in conjunction with informal progress reviews by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (the “NYSDEC”). Long-term groundwater monitoring commenced in April of 2019.  Verbal approval for the closure plan was received from the NYSDEC in May of 2019.   Written approval is anticipated in the first quarter of 2020.  Construction of the closure remedies, including improved drainage system, regrading, and installation of a low permeability cap, is anticipated in October of 2019.  In the Summer of 2020, following the completion of construction work, a closure report and maintenance plan will be prepared for the NYSDEC. This closure report and maintenance plan will document the work done and request acknowledgment of satisfactory completion of the Order on Consent between Frazer and Jones, and the NYSDEC.


ITEM 1A – RISK FACTORS

The Company’s business is subject to a number of risks, some of which are beyond its control. In addition to the other information set forth in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the Company’s shareholders should carefully consider the factors discussed in Item 1A.  “Risk Factors” of the Company’s 2018 Form 10-K, as filed with the SEC on March 14, 2019.  These risk factors could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition and/or liquidity and could cause its operating results to vary significantly from period to period. As of September 28, 2019, there have been no material changes to the risk factors disclosed in the Company’s 2018 Form 10-K. The Company may also disclose changes to such risk factors or disclose additional risk factors from time to time in its future filings with the SEC.  Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to the Company or that it currently deems to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect its business, financial condition, or operating results.


ITEM 2 – UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

None


ITEM 3 – DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

None


ITEM 4 – MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.
27


ITEM 5 – OTHER INFORMATION

Financial Statements and Exhibits

Explanatory Note

As previously disclosed in the Company’s Form 8-K as filed with the SEC on September 3, 2019 (the “Original Form 8-K”), on August 30, 2019, the Company entered into a definitive agreement to acquire Big 3 Precision for an adjusted purchase price of $81.2 million.

For purposes of amending the Original Form 8-K to provide the financial information related to the acquisition of Big 3 Precision, The Company is disclosing the following information, attached as Exhibit 99.5 hereto, under this Item 5 in lieu of disclosing the information under Items 2.01and Item 9.01, of a Current Report on Form 8-K/A with a due date on or after the date hereof.

Financial Statements and Exhibits.

(a)
Financial Statements of Business Acquired.
Big 3 Unaudited Financial Statements
Audited Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Information as of December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017
(b)
Unaudited Pro-forma Condensed Combined Financial Information.
Unaudited Pro-forma Condensed Combined Balance Sheet for the year ended December 31, 2018
Unaudited Pro-forma Condensed Combined Statement of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2018
Unaudited Pro-forma Condensed Combined Statement of Operations for the six months ended June 30, 2019


 ITEM 6 – EXHIBITS

31) Certifications required by Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

32) Certifications pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b) and 18 USC 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

99.5) Unaudited pro-forma condensed combined financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2018 and for the six months ended June 30, 2019, which give effect to the acquisition of Big 3 Holdings, LLC.

99.6) Audited Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Information as of December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017

99.7) Unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheet and Statement of Income as of June 30, 2019

101) The following materials from the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 28, 2019, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language); (i) Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income for the three and nine months ended September 28, 2019, and September 29, 2018; (ii) Condensed Consolidated Statement Balance Sheet at September 28, 2019 and September 29, 2018; (iii) Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 28, 2019 and September 29, 2018; and (iv) Notes to the (Unaudited) Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements**.


** Pursuant to Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, the Interactive Data Files on Exhibit 101 hereto are deemed not filed or part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, are deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and otherwise are not subject to liability under those sections.
28




SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 
THE EASTERN COMPANY
 
(Registrant)
 
DATE:  November 7, 2019
/s/August M. Vlak
 
August M. Vlak
President and Chief Executive Officer
   
DATE:  November 7, 2019
/s/John L. Sullivan III
 
John L. Sullivan III
Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
   




EXHIBIT 31

CERTIFICATIONS

I, August M. Vlak, certify that:

1.
   I have reviewed this report on Form 10-Q of The Eastern Company;

2.
   Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3.
   Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4.
   The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a)
designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b)
designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c)
evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d)
disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5.
   The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a)
all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b)
any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Dated: November 7, 2019

/s/August M. Vlak
August M. Vlak
CEO

EXHIBIT 31

CERTIFICATIONS

I, John L. Sullivan III, certify that:

1.
   I have reviewed this report on Form 10-Q of The Eastern Company;

2.
   Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3.
   Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4.
   The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a)
designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b)
designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c)
evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d)
disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5.
   The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a)
all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b)
any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Dated: November 7, 2019

/s/John L. Sullivan III
John L. Sullivan III
CFO
EXHIBIT 32


CERTIFICATIONS OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER AND
CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER
Pursuant to 18 United States Code Section 1350,
as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002


Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, August M. Vlak, the Chief Executive Officer of The Eastern Company (the “Company”) and John L. Sullivan III, the Chief Financial Officer of the Company, hereby certify that, to the best of their knowledge:

1)
The Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the Period ended September 28, 2019, and to which this certification is attached as Exhibit 32 (the “Periodic Report”) fully complies with the requirements of section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and

2)
The information contained in the Periodic Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.


In Witness Whereof, the undersigned have set their hands hereto as of the 7th day of November, 2019.


 
By: /s/August M. Vlak
 
August M. Vlak
CEO
   
 
By: /s/John L. Sullivan III
 
John L. Sullivan III
CFO
   


A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 has been provided to The Eastern Company and will be retained by The Eastern Company and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.

This certification “accompanies” the Form 10-Q to which it relates, is not deemed filed with the SEC and is not to be incorporated by reference into any filing of the Company under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (whether made before or after the date of the Form 10-Q, irrespective of any general incorporation language contained in such filing.)






Exhibit 99.5
Eastern Company
Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Statements
 
Overview
 
On August 30, 2019, the Company acquired 100% of the outstanding shares of Big 3 Precision for an adjusted purchase price of $81.2 million.  Among the primary reasons why the Company entered into the acquisition with Big 3 Precision, and the factors that contributed to a purchase price resulting in the recognition of goodwill, were Big 3 Precision’s history of operating margins and profitability, cash flow, and sales growth over the past 5 years.  Big 3 Precision Products and Big 3 Precision Mold Services, Big 3 Precision serves diverse markets including truck, automotive, plastic packaging products, packaged consumer goods and pharmaceuticals.  In particular, Big 3 Products works with leading manufacturers to design and produce custom returnable packaging to integrate with their assembly processes.  Big 3 Mold is a global leader in the design and manufacture of blow mold tools.  The acquisition was financed with a combination of $2.1 million of cash on hand and a $100.0 million credit agreement with Santander Bank, N.A., for itself, People’s United Bank, N.A. and TD Bank, N.A. as lenders that included a $20 million revolving credit line with lenders through a credit the Credit Agreement. In connection with the Credit Agreement, the Company also used its cash to repay the remaining balance (approximately $19.1 million) of its then outstanding term loan with People’s United Bank, N.A.

Through its two divisions, Big 3 Products and Big 3 Mold, Big 3 Precision serves diverse markets including truck, automotive, plastic packaging products, packaged consumer goods and pharmaceuticals.  Big 3 Products works with leading manufacturers to design and produce custom returnable packaging to integrate with their assembly processes.  Big 3 Mold is a global leader in the design and manufacture of blow mold tools. 

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined balance sheet (“Pro forma Balance Sheet”) as of December 31, 2018 is presented as if the acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2018 and is based upon the audited consolidated balance sheets of the Company (as filed with the SEC in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ended December 29, 2018) and the audited consolidated balance sheets of Big 3 Precision as of December 31, 2018.
 
The unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations for the 12 months ended December 31, 2018 are presented as if the acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2018 and are based upon the audited consolidated statements of operations of the Company for the 12 months ended December 29, 2018 (as filed with the SEC in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ended December 29, 2018) and the audited statements of operations of Big 3 Precision for the 12 months ended December 31, 2018. 

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations for the 6 months ended June 30, 2019 are presented as if the acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2018 and are based upon the audited consolidated statements of operations of the Company for the 6 months ended June 29, 2019 (as filed with the SEC in its 10-Q for the period ended June 29, 2019) and the unaudited statements of operations of Big 3 Precision for the 6 months ended June 30, 2019. 

The financial statements of the Company and Big 3 Precision have been adjusted in the pro forma condensed combined financial statements to give effect to events that are directly attributable to the acquisition, are factually supportable and expected to have a continuing impact on the combined company. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial statements have been presented for informational purposes only. The pro forma condensed combined financial statements are not necessarily indicative of what the combined company’s financial position or results of operations actually would have been had the acquisition been completed as of the dates indicated. In addition, the pro forma condensed combined financial statements do not purport to project the future financial position or operating results of the combined company. The actual results reported by the combined company in the periods following the acquisition may differ significantly from those reflected in these unaudited pro forma combined statements. There were no transactions between the Company and Big 3 Precision as of and for the periods presented in the pro forma condensed combined financial statements that would need to be eliminated.

The Company accounted for the Acquisition of Big 3 Precision as a business combination using the acquisition method of accounting as prescribed in Accounting Standards Codification 805, Business Combination (“ASC805”) and ASC 820 – Fair Value Measurements Disclosures (“ASC820”).  Assumptions and estimates underlying the pro forma adjustments are described in the accompanying notes and should be read in conjunction with the pro forma condensed combined financial statements.

1

The determination and preliminary allocation of the purchase consideration used in the unaudited pro forma combined financial statements are based upon preliminary estimates which are subject to change during the measurement period up to one year from the acquisition date.
The pro forma financial statements do not reflect any operating efficiencies or cost savings that the combined company may achieve as a result of the Acquisition.
2



The Eastern Company
                         
Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Balance Sheet
                     
As of December 31, 2018
                     
   
The Eastern
         
Pro Forma
         
   
Company
   
Big 3 Precision
   
Adjustments
     
Pro Forma
 
   
Historical
   
Historical
   
(Note 4)
     
Combined
 
Assets
                         
  Current Assets
                         
   Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
13,925,765
   
$
1,142,902
   
$
(1,878,194
)
g
 
$
13,190,473
 
  Accounts receivables
   
30,285,316
     
11,717,067
               
42,002,383
 
  Inventories
   
52,773,209
     
4,436,109
     
(509,167
)
a
   
56,700,151
 
  Prepaid expenses and other assets
   
3,071,888
     
308,812
               
3,380,700
 
  Refundable Income Taxes
   
1,133,847
                       
1,133,847
 
    Total current assets
   
101,190,025
     
17,604,890
     
(2,387,361
)
     
116,407,554
 
                                   
Property, Plant and Equipment, net
   
29,853,377
     
12,804,089
     
(149,326
)
f
   
42,508,140
 
Goodwill
   
34,840,376
     
10,142,205
     
33,188,083
 
c
   
78,170,664
 
Trademarks
   
3,686,063
     
853,097
     
683,760
 
b
   
5,222,920
 
Other intangible assets, net
   
10,281,720
     
3,122,384
     
13,893,791
 
b
   
27,297,895
 
Other assets
           
43,500
               
43,500
 
Deferred income taxes
   
1,396,006
                       
1,396,006
 
    Total Assets
 
$
181,247,567
   
$
44,570,165
   
$
45,228,948
     
$
271,046,680
 
                                   
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
                                 
Current Liabilities:
                                 
   Accounts payable
 
$
18,497,626
   
$
4,039,957
             
$
22,537,583
 
   Accrued compensation
   
4,159,808
                       
4,159,808
 
   Other accrued expenses
   
3,095,666
     
1,104,746
               
4,200,412
 
   Deferred revenue
           
1,358,565
               
1,358,565
 
   Contingent liability
   
2,070,000
                       
2,070,000
 
   Current portion of long-term debt
   
2,325,000
     
7,829,152
     
(5,154,152
)
d
   
5,000,000
 
     Total current liabilities
   
30,148,100
     
14,332,420
     
(5,154,152
)
     
39,326,368
 
                                   
Other long-term liabilities
   
353,856
                       
353,856
 
Deferred Income Taxes
   
1,516,012
     
2,525,015
     
4,589,717
 
h
   
8,630,744
 
Long-term debt
   
26,350,000
     
12,883,571
     
55,766,429
 
d
   
95,000,000
 
Accrued other postretirement benefits
   
648,635
                       
648,635
 
Accrued pension cost
   
25,362,325
                       
25,362,325
 
                                   
Stockholders' Equity
                                 
   Common Stock
   
29,994,890
                       
29,994,890
 
   Treasury Stock
   
(20,169,098
)
                     
(20,169,098
)
   Retained earnings
   
109,671,362
     
14,829,159
     
(9,973,046
)
e
   
114,527,475
 
                                   
OCI
                                 
   Foreign currency translation
   
(2,106,329
)
                     
(2,106,329
)
   Unrealized Gain on interest rate swap net        of tax
   
166,444
                       
166,444
 
   Unrecognized net pension and other
                                 
        postretirement benefits
   
(20,688,630
)
                     
(20,688,630
)
Accumulated other comprehensive                        loss
   
(22,628,515
)
   
     
       
(22,628,515
)
                                   
Total Liabilities and Stockholder' Equity
 
$
181,247,567
   
$
44,570,165
   
$
45,228,948
     
$
271,046,680
 

3



The Eastern Company
                         
Unaudited Pro Forma Statement of Operations
 
The Eastern
         
Pro Forma
         
For the year ended December 31, 2018
 
Company
   
Big 3 Precision
   
Adjustments
     
Pro Forma
 
   
Historical
   
Historical
   
(Note 5)
     
Combined
 
Net sales
 
$
234,275,463
   
$
69,351,742
     -
     
$
303,627,205
 
                                 
Cost of products sold
   
(175,550,418
)
   
(54,410,947
)
 
$
136,382
 
i
   
(229,824,983
)
                                   
Gross margin
   
58,725,045
     
14,940,795
     
136,382
       
73,802,222
 
                                   
Product development expense
   
(6,950,969
)
   
     
       
(6,950,969
)
Selling and administrative expenses
   
(33,914,735
)
   
(6,072,779
)
   
(312,435
)
j,n
   
(40,229,949
)
                                   
Operating profits
   
17,859,341
     
8,868,016
     
(176,054
)
     
26,551,303
 
                                   
Interest expense
   
(1,202,272
)
   
(1,678,347
)
   
(644,381
)
k,l
   
(3,525,000
)
Other Income
   
933,260
     
(183,255
)
    -
       
750,005
 
Income before income taxes
   
17,590,329
     
7,006,414
     
(820,435
)
     
23,776,308
 
                                   
Income taxes
   
3,084,392
     
609,983
     
719,083
 
m
   
4,414,258
 
Net Income
 
$
14,505,937
   
$
6,396,431
   
$
(1,540,318
)
   
$
19,362,050
 
                                   
Earnings per share:
                                 
   Basic
 
$
2.32
     
n/a
             
$
3.09
 
   Diluted
 
$
2.31
     
n/a
             
$
3.09
 


The Eastern Company
                         
Unaudited Pro Forma Statement of Operations
 
The Eastern
         
Pro Forma
         
For the 6 Months ended June 30, 2019
 
Company
   
Big 3 Precision
   
Adjustments
     
Pro Forma
 
   
Historical
   
Historical
   
(Note 6)
     
Combined
 
Net sales
 
$
122,323,077
   
$
36,393,999
     -
     
$
158,717,076
 
                                 
Cost of products sold
   
(93,504,144
)
   
(27,315,383
)
 
$
99,215
 
o
   
(120,720,312
)
                                   
Gross margin
   
28,818,933
     
9,078,616
     
99,215
       
37,996,764
 
                                   
Product development expense
   
(4,414,579
)
   
     
       
(4,414,579
)
Selling and administrative expenses
   
(16,474,766
)
   
(3,004,936
)
   
46,584
 
p,t
   
(19,433,118
)
Restructuring Costs
   
(2,635,987
)
   
     
       
(2,635,987
)
                                   
Operating profits
   
5,293,601
     
6,073,680
     
145,799
       
11,513,080
 
                                   
Interest expense
   
(554,158
)
   
(712,505
)
   
(495,837
)
q,r
   
(1,762,500
)
Other Income
   
600,748
     
     
       
600,748
 
Income before income taxes
   
5,340,191
     
5,361,175
     
(350,038
)
     
10,351,328